Personal, Social and Health Education, including Sex & Relationships Education, helps children develop self-esteem, social skills and the knowledge and understanding required to keep themselves safe and healthy. It is often considered a form of pre-emptive safeguarding as it helps children recognise their feelings, separate right from wrong, show empathy towards others and understand their rights as individuals. There can be confusion about what is taught in PSHE for children in infant years, particularly regarding Sex & Relationships Education. We deliver the building blocks for more complex topics that children will learn about later on in their school careers. For instance, learning about the importance of handwashing (something we are all now very familar with!) in the early years leads to children understanding about sexually-transmitted diseases when in secondary school. Learning that you don't have to play with someone if you don't want to underpins children understanding about consent in later years. PSHE is a sensitive, vital part of childrens'education, giving them the sense of security necessary for learning, and the chance to develop crucial social skills.
There are two key strands to our teaching of PSHE . The first is the 'Jigsaw' scheme across the school. The scheme splits the year into six themes:
Being Me in My World
'Who am I and how do I fit?'
Respect for similarity and difference. Anti-bullying and being unique
Dreams and Goals
Aspirations, how to achieve goals and understanding the emotions that go with this
Being and keeping safe and healthy
Building positive, healthy relationships
Changing MeMore information can be found in the documents below. As Jigsaw is a scheme that runs right up to Year 6, some of the guidance in this document isn't relevant to teaching at Wigton Infant School, though the documents o outline what is taught in which year groups.
Coping positively with change
The second strand is Kidsafe, a childrens' mental health and safeguarding programme designe to equip children with the knowledge, skills and understanding to treat themselves and each other with respect, to recognise danger and to know how and when to seek help. Taught at an age-appropriate level, topics covered include:
• Trust and saying ‘no’
• Understanding our feelings
• Bullying prevention
• Identifying trusted grown-ups
• Keeping our bodies and private places safe
• Secrets that make us feel sad, scared or worried
• Positive mental health and emotional wellbeing
• Peer pressure
• Understanding anger
• Identifying harm caused as a result of watching/playing
• Cyber bullying and internet safety
• Parents/carers arguing
More information about the Kidsafe programme can be found here: https://www.kidsafeuk.co.uk/kidsafe-training-kit/
Kidsafe and Jigsaw lessons are taught by teachers who have recieved training in these schemes.